Products and rates

Products and rates
Terms of connection and network agreement contracts Terms of contracts can be found in our Finnish website. Terms in Finnish >

Electricity connection rate

You need an electricity connection to connect to the electricity network, for the network to extend to the border of your plot, and to use an electric meter. Your connection fee covers the costs incurring from the construction of medium or low voltage networks and secondary substations up to the connection point of the distribution network. The connection point is determined in the connection contract, and it is usually located on the border of the plot or construction site.

Other factors affecting the connection price include the main fuse size and the connection zone, i.e. the distance to the nearest 20 kilovolt cable or secondary substation.

Please see below for information on how connection zones are determined. For electricity connection prices, see the rates at the bottom of this page. Choose your rates according to the network area where your metering point is located: Caruna Oy or Caruna Espoo Oy.

Delivery times when you receive a connection quote

Our Customer Service can give you a connection quote over the phone for most of the areas that have been set a zone rate.

If we first need to find out more about your site, you will normally receive a quote within a month. For example, we may need information on the connections, medium voltage connections and industrial connections located on zones 2+ and 3 (see the zoning below), or situations where long sections of the network must be strengthened.

Zoning

We use zone pricing for setting the electricity connection rates. A connection zone is determined by the distance to the nearest 20 kilovolt line or secondary substation.

Below you will find detailed information about zoning criterias and descriptions of each zone.

Connection zones in Caruna Espoo Oy's network area:

Connection zones in Caruna Oy's network area:

More information about the zones

Zone 1

  • Maximum distance of 300 metres measured in a direct line from the connection point to the constructed 20 kilovolt (kV) cable (excluding underwater cables).
  • Zone 1 always applies to urban areas covered by a city plan. On shore plan areas, the zone pricing is based on distance.

Zone 2

  • Maximum main fuse size of 3x63 A.
  • Distance of 300 to 600 metres measured in a direct line from the connection point to an existing 20 kilovolt (kV) cable (excluding underwater cables).

Zone 2+

  • Only applicable to Caruna Oy’s network area.
  • Maximum main fuse size of 3x35 A.
  • The distance from the connection point to an existing 20 kilovolt (kV) cable is over 600 metres measured in a direct line, but not more than 800 metres from an existing secondary substation.
  • Zone 2+ pricing is not applicable if the usual network solutions are not available for building the network. Such situations include railways and motorways, factories, underwater cables or other difficult waterway crossings and similar.

Zone 3

  • Zone 3 pricing is applied to low voltage connections that do not meet the criteria for zones 1, 2 or 2+.
  • On zone 3, the connection fee is determined case-by-case, and in the case of more than one customer, an area price is quoted.

Electricity distribution rates 

Electricity distribution products

Distribution product refers to a tariff, which the electricity distribution company collects to cover electricity distribution costs and other fees related to network services.

Your distribution product is stated in the electricity network contract you signed with Caruna on the distribution of electricity. The distribution product depends on the fuse size in your property. Caruna has the following distribution products: General, Night-time, Seasonal and Power tariff.

In Caruna Oy’s area, apartments and terraced houses are subject to a basic fee per fuse. Your electricity distribution contract is drawn up for a metering point. For the metering point to be entitled to the basic fee for apartments and terraced houses, the connection must be fitted with at least three electric meters.

General distribution

  • General distribution is our most common electricity distribution product. With this product, there is one meter in use. General distribution is the best product for you if you don’t use a lot of electricity.
  • General distribution is often used in apartments and terraced houses.
  • Usually, General distribution is also the most cost-efficient choice for detached houses and holiday homes without electric heating. The General distribution tariff does not change according to the time of the day or the season.

Night-time distribution

  • Night-time distribution is your best choice if your property has an electric heating system that stores heat. For example, you may have storage heaters or a central heating system with thermal storage, such as underfloor heating or radiators using hot water circulation. In that case, your water boiler is only heated at night.
  • Night-time distribution is cheaper at night.
  • With Night-time distribution you pay two rates, and your electric meter shows two meter readings. One is for daytime use and the other for night-time use.

 

Seasonal distribution

  • Seasonal distribution is best suited for direct electric heating (heaters, direct underfloor heating, ceiling heating and heat pumps). You may want to consider seasonal heating especially if you can use alternative forms of heating in winter.
  • With Seasonal distribution you pay two rates, and your electric meter shows two meter readings. One is for winter use and the other for any other times.
  • With Seasonal distribution, you will benefit from a cheaper rate throughout the summer (1 April to 31 October) and at night during the winter.

Power distribution

Power distribution products are designed for our high-use customers. In medium voltage distribution, electricity is supplied with a medium voltage of 20 kilovolts. Customers who wish to use medium voltage distribution must own a secondary substation and must be responsible for its use and any related installations.

  • The metering unit for the power fee is one hour. Caruna Oy’s and Caruna Espoo Oy’s power fee is decided according to the monthly peak power. The power fee is charged at the minimum level of 40 kW for low voltage and at the minimum level of 200 kW for medium voltage.
  • The reactive power fee is based on the monthly reactive peak power, less 20% of the amount of active power during the same month.
Change your distribution product

Change distribution product

Choose the metering according your needs and consumption. You can change the product after you have used it for a year.

You may want to change the product if there has been a marked change in your electricity consumption habits. For example, you may have extended your property or renovated it, or purchased several new devices that together increase your consumption. Changing your heating system may also make it necessary to change the form of metering. If you use less electricity, you may no longer need Night-time or Seasonal distribution.

When your distribution product changes, your electric meter will be updated for the new product. If you would like to benefit from the cheaper Night-time distribution, your meter reading centre must be altered. Please contact your electricity contractor.

Looking for a electricity contractor?

Visit Löydä sähkömies website!

Changing your fuse size

The right fuse size ensures that the fuse is not blown, even when all your electrical devices are switched on at the same time. For changing the fuse size, you will always need an electricity contractor who finds out the right size, changes the fuse holders and fuses if necessary, and contacts your electricity distribution company. When we receive notice of fuse size change, we will choose a new distribution product for your contract.

The main fuse size cannot exceed your connection rights. To check your connection rights, see your connection contract or contact our Customer Service.

If your fuse size is increased, check whether your connection rights need changing as well. If the fuses you currently have are too large for your electricity use, you should consider swapping them for a smaller size. You will also notice the change in the distribution price you pay.

If your electricity connection has to be increased, please contact your electricity contractor.

Price list, production

Generating your own electricity

Connection and network service fees for electricity production

Normally, microgeneration of less than 100 kVA can be connected to an existing point of delivery, and there will be no cost for connecting the production equipment to the electrical network. If the size of production equipment is below 2 MVA, its connection to the electrical network is determined on a case-by-case basis depending on the construction and connection costs. For production facilities exceeding 2 MVA, the connection price depends on the construction and connection costs, and an area-based capacity reserve fee where applicable.

If the nominal output of the facility’s generator is over 1 MVA, the consumption fee for self-generated electricity is collected for self-generated and consumed electricity. For further information about the rates for self-generated electricity, please consult our rates.

Production and consumption metering

Caruna is responsible for metering electricity supplied by and to the grid. Caruna sends the metering data to the electricity sales company. Consumption of self-generated electricity refers to the amount of electricity the customer has generated and then used. The customer is responsible for metering the consumption of self-generated electricity if the facility’s nominal output is between 100 kVA and 1 MVA. If the facility's nominal output is over 1 MVA, Caruna is responsible for metering the consumption of self-generated electricity.

Electricity tax on production

As an electricity producer, you must find out whether you are liable to pay electricity tax, and pay the tax for any electricity produced. The liability depends on the nominal output of the production facility and the amount of your annual production (per calendar year).For more information, see the rates at the bottom of this page.

Temporary distribution rate

We collect a fee for a temporary electricity connection in accordance with our rates. The fee covers metering, and the connection and disconnection of a site/temporary centre (one cable).

For temporary distribution, you will be using the General distribution product, and your normal basic fee will be doubled.

A temporary connection is always made for a fixed term, without a separate connection contract. The maximum contract term is two years.

How the rates are calculated

Electricity is always distributed from the producer to the user by a distribution service operator (DSO). Your electricity distribution rate consists of the basic fee and the cost of electricity use. Distribution fees cover distribution from the electricity generator to the user, building and maintenance of the electricity network, metering and 24/7 fault reporting.

In addition to the electricity distribution fee, electricity distribution companies’ bills include electricity tax and value-added tax.

For our electricity distribution rates, please see the enclosed network service charges. Choose your rates according to the network area where your metering point is located: Caruna Oy or Caruna Espoo Oy.

Caruna Oy and Caruna Espoo Oy network area rates

Caruna comprises two electricity distribution companies: Caruna Oy and Caruna Espoo Oy. Caruna Oy is responsible for electricity distribution in its network areas in South, West and Southwest Finland, and in the regions of Satakunta and Koillismaa. Caruna Espoo Oy operates in Espoo, Kauniainen, Kirkkonummi and Joensuu. For the more specific areas, please see our network area map.

Caruna Oy and Caruna Espoo Oy are two separate companies with separate pricing policies. Each company sets its electricity distribution rates independently, and their rates are affected by factors such as local network conditions.

The majority of Caruna Oy’s network is situated in rural areas, and Caruna Espoo Oy’s in urban areas. Urban conditions are generally favourable to electricity distribution because of higher population density, meaning that there is less electrical network construction required per customer. In towns, the electrical network is largely placed underground, which makes it better protected from weather damage and reduces network repair and maintenance needs. In rural conditions, the length of electrical network per customer is considerably higher. The network is also very exposed to natural phenomena, significantly increasing maintenance and repair costs.

More information of electricity taxation on Tax Administration's website.

Electricity tax

Electricity tax and tax categories

The taxes included in your electricity bill comprise the electricity tax and value-added tax, which the DSO, such as Caruna, will collect at the same time as the electricity distribution rates. The electricity tax makes up roughly 30 per cent of the total in your electricity bill.

Our customers are automatically placed in electricity tax category 1, unless they have told us otherwise.

Companies must contact the Tax Administration to find out whether their operations are entitled to tax category 2. Tax category 2 is meant for industrial companies and the growing of commercial greenhouse crops that comply with the Act on excise duty on electricity. If the Tax Administration has confirmed that you are entitled to the lower tax category 2, please inform us in writing.

Electricity tax as from 1 July 2018

Tax category 1: 2.79372 cents/kWh (incl. VAT at 24%)
Tax category 2: 0.87172 cents/kWh (incl. VAT at 24%)